Cartography is the art of science which involves representation of data such as geographical area on a flat surface like map or chart graphically. Cartography is widely used in geological studies for easy evaluation and comparision of data.
Example of Cartography Software is MAPublisher. Cartography is considered as the theory and practice of mapmaking and map use, notably in the context of graphic communication.
The key issue between cartography and GIS is that cartography is concerned with representation while GIS is concerned with analysis of spatial relationships. GIS is a product of the development of computer-assisted cartography, which generated geo-referenced spatial digital databases.