Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation

About Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement and posture caused by abnormal development of damage to motor control centers of the brain. Cerebral palsy occurs when there is neurological damage before, during, or within five years of birth that prevents the brain from developing properly. Most cases of CP were due to brain injuries received during a traumatic birth, known as birth asphyxia. Several maternal-fetal infections are known to increase the risk for CP, including rubella, cytomegalovirus and toxoplasmosis. Each of .these infections is considered a risk to the fetus only if the mother contracts it for the first time during that pregnancy. The main goal of physical therapy in cerebral palsy is to maximize functional control of the body, improve balance, build strength or increase gross motor function.

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