About Textile Finishing and Treatment
Finishing processes can be divided into two broad classes: physical and chemical. In most cases finishing comprises 3 stages: washing and drying, stabilising and Pressing and aesthetics. In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing the yarn or fabric to improve the look, performance, or "hand" (feel) of the finished textile or clothing. Mechanical or Physical finishes involve specific physical treatmentto a fabric surface to cause a change in the fabric appearance. This is also known as dry finish. Chemical finish involve chemicals followed by curing or drying. This is also known as wet finish. Permanent finish involve a chemical change in fiber structure and do not change or alter throughout the life of the fabric. Durable finish last through the life of the article, but effectiveness becomes diminished after each cleaning. Temporary finish are removed or substantially diminished the first time the textile is laundered or dry cleaned.