Trichology is a specialised branch of medicine that deals with the scientific study of the health of hair and scalp and the diseases related to them. Problems may include baldness, scaling of the scalp, itching, scalp eczema and psoriasis, premature graying, hair loss, hair breakage, hair damage, hair thinning, seborrhea dermatitis, head lice, dandruff, dryness and oiliness. Derived from the Greek word Trikhos which means hair, the disciplined area of Trichology originated in London, England in 1902. Since Trichology deals with the anatomy, growth and diseases of the hair, this field involves in-depth study of chemistry, biology, anatomy and physiology, and has gained much importance in the recent years with the popularisation of paramedical sciences. A Trichologists job is very different from that of a hair stylist or beautician. They spend hundreds of hours just studying the hair, scalp and their intricacies. The main job of Trichologists involve evaluating the client; examining and diagnosing the cause of their disease/ problems and giving appropriate treatment. They cure or prevent diseases by prescribing treatments such as application of special lotions and ointments to the scalp, or by using materials such as, electrotherapy machines and ultra-violet lamps. Trichologists treat damage of the hair or scalp caused as a result of the misuse of hair colouring, permanent waving and straightening products, and give advice to those persons about the side effect. They can also prescribe nutritional supplements.
Related Journals on Tricholog: International Journal of Trichology, Journal of Cosmetology & Trichology, Journal in Dermatology and Venereology, Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD, Medical & Surgical Dermatology, Experimental Dermatology, PLOS one, Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, International Journal of Cosmetic Surgery and Aesthetic Dermatology.