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International Journal of Cardiovascular ResearchISSN: 2324-8602

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Research Article, Int J Cardiovasc Res Vol: 4 Issue: 1

Should every Patient with Heart Failure be Investigated for Sleep Apnea Syndrome?

Nicola Vitulano*, Francesco Perna, Gianluigi Bencardino, Pio Cialdella, Maria Lucia Narducci, Daniela Pedicino, Gemma Pelargonio and Fulvio Bellocci
Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
Corresponding author : Nicola Vitulano
Parco dei Cedri 46, 71043 Manfredonia (FG), Italy
Tel: +39.884.532763
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: June 21, 2014 Accepted: August 24, 2014 Published: August 26, 2014
Citation: Vitulano N, Perna F, Bencardino G, Cialdella P, Narducci ML, et al. (2015) Should every Patient with Heart Failure be Investigated for Sleep Apnea Syndrome?. Int J Cardiovasc Res 4:1. doi:10.4172/2324-8602.1000195

Abstract

 Should every Patient with Heart Failure be Investigated for Sleep Apnea Syndrome?

The increasing interest in the field of sleep medicine during the whole twentieth century is principally due to the involvement of sleep-related disordered breathing (SDB) in cardiovascular disease. Disorders of a physiological phenomenon such as sleep lead to important changes in state of quiescence of the cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic systems during the night. Consequences of SDB (microawakening, sleep fragmentation, hypoxemia) represent important harmful triggers on the cardiovascular system, above all in patients suffering by inability of the heart to provide an adequate output such as for heart failure (HF) patients. SDB and HF may be related to each other in a bidirectional way from epidemiologic and physiopathologic point of view.

Keywords: Sleep apnea syndrome; Heart failure; Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP); Ventricular arrhythmias

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