Journal of Spine & NeurosurgeryISSN: 2325-9701

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Spinal Diseases

Spinal disease refers to a condition impairing the backbone. It also refers to any disease of the spinal column that results from the aging process and wear and tear that occurs to the bone and soft tissues of the spine. Some of these diseases include Spinal stenosis, Scoliosis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Spondylolisthesis, Spinal tumors, Cervical or Lumbar Radiculopathy, Chronic back pain etc. They are usually caused by aging, but may also be the result of tumors, infections or arthritis. Degenerative spine disease is a major cause of chronic disability in the adult population. Spinal degeneration is a normal part of aging, and neck and back pain are one of life's most common problems. Treatment options include physical therapy to strengthen back and abdominal muscles and increase flexibility. Medications can provide relief from mild symptoms. Pain-blocking injections can temporarily reduce inflammation of the spinal nerves and nerve roots. Surgery to remove pressure is usually recommended for patients with severe, persistent symptoms. There are many potential sources of pain. Pain can originate from bone, joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, and intervertebral disks as well as other paravertebral tissues. Treatment of a degenerating spine depends on the type and severity of the condition. Spondylosis is caused by bony outgrowths (osteophytes) from the superior and inferior margins of the vertebral bodies. Lumbar spondylosis is usually asymptomatic (no pain), but cervical spondylosis can compromise the spinal cord, a serious problem. Treatments can range from using pain relievers, physical therapy, bracing, or surgical interventions.