Journal of Fashion Technology & Textile EngineeringISSN: 2329-9568

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Textile fibers

A unit of matter, either natural or manufactured, that forms the basic element of fabrics and other textile structures is called Fiber. A Textile, also referred to as a cloth, is a flexible woven material that consists of a network of natural or artificial fibres. Textile refers to any material made of interlacing fibres. Textile Fiber is a threadlike strand which is used for spinning yarn. On the basis of source, Textile fibers are normally broken down into two main classes: Natural fibers and Synthetic (man-made) fibers. Natural fibers are made from a materials originated from natural sources. There are three main sources for producing Natural fibers. They are Cellulosic fiber (Plant), Protein fiber (Animal) and Mineral fiber (Geological processes). Synthetic fibers refer to the materials that are developed by human by using chemical and mechanical processes. Thus, Synthetic fiber is well-known as the Man-made fiber. There are two base types of man-made that have been widely used by the textile industry, Natural Polymer base and Synthetic base. The textile fibers that are used for yarn or fabric production should have some properties. Textile fiber has some characteristics which differ between fiber to Textile fiber. The essential requirements for fibers to be spun into yarn include a length of at least 5 millimeters, flexibility, cohesiveness, and sufficient strength. Other important properties include elasticity, fineness, uniformity, durability. Normally textile fibers can be determined by three types properties. They are Physical, Chemical and Structural Properties.