Textile finishing Treatment
In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing the yarn or fabric to improve the look, performance, or hand of the finished textile or clothing. The term includes all the mechanical and chemical processes employed commercially to improve the acceptability of the product. It is a series of processing operations applied to a textile material to improve its appearance, handle and functional properties. Finishing plays a fundamental role for the commercial excellence of the results of textiles. The objective of the finishing processes is to enhance the suitability of the fabric for end use and to improve appearance and sale appeal for comport and utility, to give a desirable qualities of a fabric like: Softness, Luster, Drape, Dimensional stability, Crease recovery and Soil repellence. The Textile finishing procedure includes preparation and pretreatment, dyeing, printing and refinement of fabrics. The finishing methods are of two types: Physical finishing techniques (dry finishing processes) and chemical finishing methods (wet finishing). Physical finishing is usually carried out on the yarn or formed textile substrate where as chemical finishes can be added to the spinning bath prior to fiber formation for man-made fibers or applied to individual fibers, yarns, or completed textile structures. The latest machines on the market used for finishing operations generally offer multi-purpose applications. The flexibility and versatility features of these machines are uninterruptedly evolving to grant excellent consistency of the results. Although the process is lengthy and time consuming, the method is green, labour friendly, and most importantly the workers are not exposed to dangerous chemicals like caustic soda, acids, bleaches etc.