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Textile manufacturing | SciTechnol | Journal of Fashion Technolo

Journal of Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering.ISSN: 2329-9568

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Textile manufacturing

Textile manufacturing is a major industry. The manufacture of textiles is one of the oldest of human technologies and most technologically complex of all industries. It is basically the conversion of three types of fiber into yarn, then fabric, then textiles. These are then fabricated into clothes or other artefacts. Textile manufacturing or production is a very complex process. The range of textile manufacturing is so long. It starts from fiber to finished products. The stages of Textile manufacturing starts from the Source of fiber or the production of raw materials/ fibers (Cultivating and harvesting). There are numerous kinds of fibres and other raw materials, which are used to produce a cloth. Cotton remains the most important natural fibre, so is treated in depth. This fiber then is spun into yarn, referred as Preparatory processes (yarn manufacturing). The yarn is then processed to produce Fabric. The most commonly used fabric forming methods are weaving, braiding, knitting, felting, tufting and nonwoven manufacturing. The major method of fabric construction is weaving. Here comes the next step where the fabric will be subjected to finishing process/dyeing process and printing process, where the fabric will be processed for the end use. After dyeing and finishing, the woven material is ready for delivery either directly to manufacturer of textile products where they are finally stitched into clothes or garments. There are many variable processes available at the spinning and fabric-forming stages coupled with the complexities of the finishing and colouration processes to the production of a wide range of products. There remains a large industry that uses hand techniques to achieve the same results.

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