Journal of Biodiversity Management & ForestryISSN: 2327-4417

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Research Article, J Biodivers Manage Forestry Vol: 3 Issue: 4

The Linkages between Plant Species Composition and Soil Microbial Communities: What about Symbiotic Microorganisms within Man-Made Tree Plantations?

Godar Sene1,2*, Mansour Thiao1,2, Mame Samba Mbaye2, Maïmouna S Ndir2, Ramatoulaye Samba-Mbaye1,2, Thioro D Sow2, Aboubacry Kane1,2 and Samba Ndao Sylla1,2
1Laboratoire Commun de Microbiologie LCM IRD/ISRA/UCAD, Bel-Air BP 1386, CP 18524, Dakar, Sénégal
2Département de Biologie Végétale, Faculté des sciences et Techniques, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar-Fann, Sénégal
Corresponding author : Godar Sene
Laboratoire Commun de Microbiologie LCM IRD/ISRA/UCAD, Bel-Air BP 1386, CP 18524, Dakar, Sénégal
Tel: (+221) 77 515 82 63; Fax: (+221) 33 849 33 02
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: April 25, 2014 Accepted: November 12, 2014 Published: November 17, 2014
Citation: Sene G, Thiao M, Mbaye MS, Ndir MS, Samba-Mbaye R, et al. (2014) The Linkages between Plant Species Composition and Soil Microbial Communities: What about Symbiotic Microorganisms within Man-Made Tree Plantations? J Biodivers Manage Forestry 3:4. doi:10.4172/2327-4417.1000132

Abstract

The Linkages between Plant Species Composition and Soil Microbial Communities: What about Symbiotic Microorganisms within Man-Made Tree Plantations?

Man-made forest systems are usually focused upon the trees and are defined mainly in relation to their capacity to produce timber and prevent catastrophic events such as damage by wind. In recent years, however, there has been a growing awareness amongst plant ecologists and soil microbial ecologists that understanding the connectivity between their study organisms is of utmost importance. The interactions between plants and soil microorganisms are particularly important because plants represent the main pathway through which carbon, the element that severely limits microbial growth, enters into soil. From a reciprocal viewpoint, microbial associations have been pointed as an important strategy to guarantee plant survival under semiarid conditions. However, there are several recent studies that have been carried out on the devastating ecological impact resulting from anthropogenic dispersal of exotic plants.

Keywords: Reforestation systems; Indigenous and exotic tree species; Ecological impacts; Soil fertility; Soil microorganisms; Rhizobia; Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

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