Journal of Marine Biology & Oceanography ISSN: 2324-8661

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Review Article, J Mar Biol Oceanogr Vol: 3 Issue: 1

White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) in Crustaceans: An Overview of Host - Pathogen Interaction

Somnath Chakraborty* and Upasana Ghosh
Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India
Corresponding author : Somnath Chakraborty
Annamalai University, Parangipettai-608502, Tamil Nadu, India
Tel: +91 8122120718
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: October 02, 2013 Accepted: December 09, 2013 Published: December 17, 2013
Citation: Chakraborty S, Ghosh U (2014) White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) in Crustaceans: An Overview of Host - Pathogen Interaction. J Mar Biol Oceanogr 3:1. doi:10.4172/2324-8661.1000121

Abstract

White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) in Crustaceans: An Overview of Host - Pathogen Interaction

Viruses are ubiquitous and extremely abundant in the marine environment. One of such marine viruses, the White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) has emerged globally as one of the most contagious, widespread and lethal pathogen of cultured shrimp that causes mass mortality, leading to huge economic loss to the shrimp industry. However, at present there is no such existing treatment procedure to restrict the uncontrolled occurrence and rapid spread of the disease in the wild. Recent advancement in the field of molecular biology has made it possible to obtain information on the factors, mechanisms and strategies used by this virus to infect and replicate in susceptible host cells.

Keywords: White Spot Syndrome Virus; Crustaceans; Host range; Shrimps; Antiviral; Prophylaxis

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