Life is dependent on basic elements such air and water. But the same natural elements also convey death for almost all organisms on earth which are reflected as air or water borne diseases. Human being is highly susceptible to such infections where an array or air and water borne diseases are being encountered by us almost on a regular basis. Depending on the global climate change; prevalence of the type of disease differs from one climatic zone to other. The present global disease monitoring reveals that there is a steep rise and alteration in disease epidemiology which is directly or indirectly related to climate change and associated environmental factors. An airborne disease is any disease that is caused by pathogens and transmitted through the air. Airborne diseases are spread when droplets of pathogens are expelled into the air due to coughing, sneezing or talking. Air pollution is caused by release of particulates, biological molecules or harmful gases into atmosphere, which causes death to humans and damage to living organisms like food crops.