Dizziness and Vertigo in Emergency: A Population-Based Analysis
Objective: To describe the epidemiology and analyze the symptoms of the most common diagnosis of patients with “vertigo” who visited the emergency department.
Materials and methods: We reviewed the Epidemiological, transversal, descriptive and retrospective study, in which the records of all patients were evaluated by the otolaryngology service in the emergency department, in a one year period, with a diagnosis of vestibular dysfunction.
Results: A total of 182 patients with vertigo, 55 men (30.2%) and 127 women (69.8%) with a mean age of 50 years, with the following diagnoses: Benign postural paroxysmal Vertigo (BPPV) of the posterior semicircular canal (PSCC) (25.27%), vascular (14.28%), metabolic (12.08%), as the most frequent; the most common associated symptoms were neurovegetative (59.34%), vertigo (51.09%), instability (43.95%) and dizziness (38.46%).
Conclusion: Patients suffering from vestibular dysfunction have various symptoms but vertigo is not the most common, The BPPV as marked in literature is the most common diagnosis, however, there are others that should not be ignored.