Frequency of Abo Blood Groups among the Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patient
Aim: The objective of this study is to determine the frequency of ABO blood groups among patients of type II Diabetes Mellitus.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at department of Endocrinology and Metabolism Services hospital Lahore for six months from March 01, 2017 to August 31, 2017. 380 Patients were included after informed consent from either the patient or their attendant admitted to medical wards and diabetic clinic of Services Hospital Lahore. Patients identity kept confidential. Risk and benefits of the study were explained to the patients or their attendants. Investigation done was blood grouping.
Results: Results of study were accessed on SPSS version 11. Out of 380 patients, 179(47.1%) were male and 201(52.89%) were female. The mean age of the patient was 56.31 years, for females it was 50.36 years and for males it was 49.25 years with standard deviation of 6.992. It was found that out of 380 selected patients 20(5.26%) had blood group A, 193(50.78%) patients had blood group B, 114(30%) patient had blood group AB and 53(13.94%) patient had blood group O. Gender distribution for different blood group was as for blood group A 12(3.42%) were male and 8(1.84%)were female, for blood group B 99(21.31%) were male and 101(29.47%) were female, for blood group AB 42(8.94%) were male and 72(21.05%) were female and for blood group O 33(9.47%) were male and 20(4.47%) were female.
Conclusion: Present study has supported the hypothesis that diabetes mellitus type 2 and blood groups are interrelated because of the broad genetic immunologic basis in both. It is concluded that the frequency of blood groups B and A is significantly higher and lower respectively in the diabetes mellitus type 2 patients.