Impact on Pediatric astroenterology & Hepatology
Childhood gastroenteritis is associated with considerable health costs. The natural clay dioctahedral smectite increases intestinal barrier function and is effective against infectious diarrhea in children in developing countries. The purpose of this work was to investigate the efficacy of smectite in Italian children with acute diarrhea of mild to moderate severity. A national, prospective, randomized, case-controlled study was performed in collaboration with primary care pediatricians. Children seen by pediatricians for acute gastroenteritis were treated with oral rehydration solution (ORS) alone or ORS with smectite.