Lymphoepithelioma-Like Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix - Reporting Three Rare Clinical Cases with Lymph Node Metastasis
Objective: Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the uterine cervix is a rare subtype of squamous cell carcinoma (SSC) and it is more common in Asia-5.5%, than in Europe-0.7%. It is considered that LELC is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in Asian and with Human papilloma virus (HPV) or no infection in Caucasian patients. Compared to the common cervical cancer LELC affects younger women, its outcome is better and it has to be with a lower frequency of regional lymph node metastasis and recurrence.
Case report: We present three cases of LELC with lymph node metastasis and a follow- up of the patients. The diagnosis was confirmed histologically. All three cases have been examined Immunohistochemically for assessment of the viral status for both EBV and HPV. Two of them died from the cervical cancer and one is still alive without evidence of recurrence. The results of the immunohistochemical study showed that two of them were negative for both viruses and one was positive only for EBV.
Conclusion: Our data shows that the immunohistochemical results for the viral status cannot be used as a predictive factor as opposed to the lymph node status and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI).