Physical Fitness Study in Children with Previous Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease
Introduction: The six minute walk test (6MWT) is generally used for evaluating the functioning of people with chronic diseases; the main result is the distance a person may walk for 6 minutes. The 6MWT was originally developed to measure the submaximal level of functioning in adult cardiac or chronic disease patients with moderate-to severe heart or lung disease and has been widely used in other patient subgroups. Because the test provides a level of training close to that of daily life, it is easy to use and increasingly is being used as a functional outcomes measurement for people with chronic disease, to include pediatric populations.
Patients and methods: Our study is cross sectional study included 100 cases (55 males and 45 females) who had congenital heart diseases surgically repaired in one stage (34 had Tetralogy of Fallot, 27 had ventricular septal defect, 15 had atrial septal defect, 10 had patent ductus arteriosus, 5 had congenital valvular aortic stenosis, 4 had sub aortic membrane, 3 had coarctation of aorta and 2 had d-transposition of great arteries). The study included pediatric patients who had been admitted to the pediatric cardiology department of Assiut Children’s Hospital from 5 to 18 years of age and for a one year period from 1st August 2016 to 31st July 2017. Control: One hundred (100) healthy children (55 males, 45 females).
Results and conclusion: The 6MWT is a simple, applicable test with a significant value in the demonstration of the effect of one stage surgically repaired congenital heart diseases on the functional capacity of pediatric cardiac patients