Journal of Traumatic Stress Disorders & TreatmentISSN: 2324-8947

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PTSD, Pain Medication and Addiction of Refugees in Iraq

The relationship of pain medication uses with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis was investigated among a sample of 213 Kurdish outpatients in refugee camps in Kurdistan-Region in Northern Iraq. One hundred twenty-four (58%) of the participants met DSM-V PTSD criteria. Those with PTSD had significantly higher use of pain medication (82%), as compared with non-PTSD patients (47%). Female (54%) with a Posttraumatic Stress Disorder had higher use than male (4%) of pain medication. For the effective treatment of trauma in relation to chronic pain and medication use, it is necessary to have a multi-modal, interdisciplinary and culture-sensitive approach when treating.

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