Journal of Traumatic Stress Disorders & Treatment ISSN: 2324-8947

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Research Article, J Trauma Stress Disor Treat Vol: 7 Issue: 2

PTSD, Pain Medication and Addiction of Refugees in Iraq

Jan Ilhan Kizilhan1,2*

1Department of Mental Health and Addiction, Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University, Germany

2Institute of Psychotherapy and Psychotraumatology, University of Duhok, Northern Iraq

*Corresponding Author : Dr. Jan Ilhan Kizilhan
Department of Mental Health and Addiction, Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University, Institute of Psychotherapy and Psychotraumatology, University of Duhok, Northern Iraq
Tel:
+ 49 77203906217
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: May 17, 2018 Accepted: June 12, 2018 Published: June 19, 2018

Citation: Kizilhan JI (2018) PTSD, Pain Medication and Addiction of Refugees in Iraq. J Trauma Stress Disor Treat 7:2. doi: 10.4172/2324-8947.1000186

Abstract

The relationship of pain medication uses with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis was investigated among a sample of 213 Kurdish outpatients in refugee camps in Kurdistan-Region in Northern Iraq. One hundred twenty-four (58%) of the participants met DSM-V PTSD criteria. Those with PTSD had significantly higher use of pain medication (82%), as compared with non-PTSD patients (47%). Female (54%) with a Posttraumatic Stress Disorder had higher use than male (4%) of pain medication. For the effective treatment of trauma in relation to chronic pain and medication use, it is necessary to have a multi-modal, interdisciplinary and culture-sensitive approach when treating.

Keywords: PTSD; Pain medication; Addiction; Culture; War; Refugee

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