Cell Biology: Research & TherapyISSN: 2324-9293

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Treatment Options for Developmental Delay in Children with Perinatal Damage of Nervous System

Objective: Improvement of treatment in children with developmental delay (DD) resulting from perinatal affection of CNS using combination with conventional therapy and administration of fetal stem cells (FSCs) in suspensions containing stem cells extracted from human fetal liver and brain.

Materials and methods: Our study allocated 14 children diagnosed with developmental delay and perinatal damage of CNS including 4 boys aged 1.5 to 14 years, with their mean age 4.23 ± 0.31 yrs. and 3 girls - from 3.5 to 13 yrs (mean age – 3.92 ± 0.21 yrs.) (Allocated to the MG) where along with conventional therapy were administered fetal stem cells. Control group (CG) included 7 patients with Developmental delay (DD) – children treated with conventional methods only, including 4 males (aged 3 to 14 yrs. and average age – 4.11 ± 0.14 yrs.) and 3 females (aged from 3 to 15 yrs. and mean age 4.02 ± 0.15 yrs.).

Results: Our research revealed that fetal stem cell therapy, irrespective of developmental delay severity in children with CNS damage during perinatal period, can favorably influence the course of development and their immunological markers in particular. Procedure of fetal stem cell administration is simple and noninvasive (no potential causes of complications or allergy reactions in the patients). To promote substantial effects of fetal stem cells we additionally recommended a complex treatment with medicines; different supplementary methods were used for the patients. Aspects of fetal stem cells effect in children with developmental delay are not fully understood and do need a thorough scientific research. In particular, future in-depth study is demanded, as well as the larger randomized and placebo-controlled trials to identify a potential of fetal stem cellsrelated advantages in children with developmental delay (DD).

Conclusion: Fetal stem cells (FSCs) use in complex treatment of patients with developmental delay tends to improve cognitive functions along with motor development of children with nervous system affection; such patients also revealed increased immunology findings.

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