Journal of Spine & NeurosurgeryISSN: 2325-9701

Editorial, J Spine Neurosurg Vol: 2 Issue: 1

Deep Brain Stimulation for Tourette Syndrome

Neeladri Dutta1,2 and Andrea E. Cavanna1,2,3*
1College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
1The Michael Trimble Neuropsychiatry Research Group, Department of Neuropsychiatry, BSMHFT and University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
3Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London, United Kingdom
Corresponding author : Andrea E. Cavanna, MD PhD
Department of Neuropsychiatry, The Barberry National Centre for Mental Health, 25 Vincent Drive, Birmingham, B15 2FG, United Kingdom
Tel: +44 121 3012280
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 26, 2012 Accepted: December 27, 2012 Published: December 28, 2012
Citation: Dutta N, Cavanna AE (2013) Deep Brain Stimulation for Tourette Syndrome. J Spine Neurosurg 2:1. doi:10.4172/2325-9701.1000e106

Abstract

Deep Brain Stimulation for Tourette Syndrome

Tourette syndrome (TS) is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by motor and vocal tics. Tics often present early in childhood at 6-8 years old, commonly following a waxing and waning course before reaching a peak in severity at around 12 years of age. Although symptoms can subside by early adulthood, a significant number of patients continue to experience severe tics across the lifespan. It has been shown that tics often affect health-related quality of life and require active treatment intervention. First line recommended treatment includes both pharmacotherapy, usually in the form of neuroleptics or atypical antipsychotics, and behavioural interventions, such as habit reversal therapy and exposure with response prevention.

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