Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis ISSN: 2325-9590

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Research Article, J Vet Sci Med Diagn Vol: 3 Issue: 1

Evaluation of Metalloenzymes as Biomarkers of Copper and Zinc Status in Sheep

Pal DT*, Prasad CS, Gowda NKS, Babu G Suresh and Sampath KT
National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Adugodi, Hosur Road, Bangalore – 560 030, India
Corresponding author : Dr. DT Pal
Senior Scientist, Animal Nutrition Division, National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Adugodi, Hosur Road, Bangalore – 560030, India
Tel: +91-80-25711304; Fax: +91-80-25711420
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: October 25, 2013 Accepted: February 12, 2014 Published: February 18, 2014
Citation: Pal DT, Prasad CS, Gowda NKS, Babu G Suresh, Sampath KT (2014) Evaluation of Metalloenzymes as Biomarkers of Copper and Zinc Status in Sheep. J Vet Sci Med Diagn 3:1. doi:10.4172/2325-9590.1000131

Abstract

Evaluation of Metalloenzymes as Biomarkers of Copper and Zinc Status in Sheep

Copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) deficiency is widespread in grazing ruminants throughout the world. Our recent survey indicated that Cu and Zn, among all the minerals, are most limiting trace minerals for livestock production in different agro-climatic zones of India. Copper and zinc play many significant roles in metabolism and is a component of several metalloenzymes and transcription factors. A severe form of deficiency in animals can readily be diagnosed from the combined evidence of the clinical and pathological lesions. However, diagnosis in the early stages or milder forms presents difficulties. There are several effective ways to diagnose Cu and Zn deficiency; however, each poses unique challenges

Keywords: Biomarkers; Copper; Metalloenzymes; Sheep; Zinc

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