Journal Plastic Surgery and Cosmetology

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Commentary, J Pls Sur Cos Vol: 12 Issue: 1

An Overview on Cosmetology and its Specializations

Kelly Young*

Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States of America

*Corresponding Author: Kelly Young
Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States of America

Received date: 03 February, 2023, Manuscript No. JPSC-23-95384;

Editor assigned date: 06 February, 2023, PreQC No. JPSC-23-95384 (PQ);

Reviewed date: 20 February, 2023, QC No JPSC-23-95384;

Revised date: 27 February, 2023, Manuscript No. JPSC-23-95384 (R);

Published date: 07 March, 2023 DOI: 10.4172/JPSC.100041.

Citation: Young K (2023) An Overview on Cosmetology and its Specializations. J Pls Sur Cos 12:1.

Keywords: Aesthetic Surgery, Breast Augmentation, Breast Reconstruction


Cosmetology is the study of beauty and aesthetics, which includes the care and enhancement of skin, hair, and nails. The field of cosmetology encompasses a broad range of services, including hair styling, skincare, makeup, and nail care. A cosmetologist is a professional who specializes in one or more of these areas, and they are trained to provide a variety of beauty services to clients.

Cosmetology has a long and fascinating history that dates back to ancient times. The Egyptians, for example, were known for their elaborate makeup and hairstyling rituals. They used various natural ingredients to create cosmetics, such as kohl eyeliner made from lead sulfide and red ochre for lipstick.

In ancient Greece, beauty was considered an important aspect of life. Greek women were known for their elaborate hairstyles and use of cosmetics, including white lead powder for face whitening and crushed mulberries for blush. During the middle ages, beauty practices were often associated with superstition and religion. It was believed that beauty was a reflection of one's moral character, and women were often punished for attempting to enhance their appearance.

In the 19th century, the field of cosmetology began to emerge as a profession. The first beauty school was established in 1890, and soon after, the use of cosmetics became more widespread. Today, cosmetology is a thriving industry that employs millions of people worldwide.

To become a cosmetologist, one must first complete a cosmetology program at an accredited beauty school. These programs typically last anywhere from six months to two years, depending on the level of education and training required.

During a cosmetology program, students learn the fundamentals of hair, skin, and nail care. They also learn about various cosmetic products, techniques, and tools, as well as safety and sanitation practices.

Some of the most common specializations

Cosmetology is a diverse field that offers many different areas of specialization.

Hair styling: Hair styling is one of the most popular areas of cosmetology. Hair stylists are trained to cut, color, and style hair using a variety of techniques and tools. They may also provide hair treatments, such as deep conditioning or keratin treatments.

Esthetics: Esthetics is the study of skincare, which includes facials, waxing, and other treatments that improve the health and appearance of the skin. Estheticians are trained to analyze skin types and recommend appropriate skincare products and treatments.

Makeup artistry: Makeup artistry involves the application of cosmetics to enhance the appearance of the face. Makeup artists may work in a variety of settings, including the entertainment industry, bridal makeup, and retail cosmetics.

Nail technology: Nail technology involves the care and maintenance of nails, including manicures, pedicures, and artificial nail services. Nail technicians may also provide nail art and other specialized services.

Some of the most common career paths in cosmetology

Cosmetology is a growing field that offers many different career opportunities.

Hair stylist: Hair stylists work in salons and provide hair cutting, coloring, and styling services to clients.

Esthetician: Estheticians work in spas and salons and provide skincare treatments, such as facials and waxing.

Makeup artist: Makeup artists work in a variety of settings, including the entertainment industry, fashion, and retail cosmetics.

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