Research Article, J Virol Antivir Res Vol: 6 Issue: 2
Antiviral Activity of 2-Nitromethyl Phenol, Zinc Nanoparticles and Seaweed Extract Against Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in Eggplant
*Corresponding Author : Mohsen Mohamed Elsharkawy
Department of Agricultural Botany, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, 33516 Kafr El- Sheikh, Egypt
Received: August 09, 2017 Accepted: August 24, 2017 Published: August 31, 2017
Citation: El-Sawy MM, Elsharkawy MM, Abass JM, Kasem MH (2017) Antiviral Activity of 2-Nitromethyl Phenol, Zinc Nanoparticles and Seaweed Extract Against Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in Eggplant. J Virol Antivir Res 6:2. doi: 10.4172/2324-8955.1000173
Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) considers the most important viral pathogen affecting the production of vegetable crops all over the world. The potentials of 2-nitromethyl phenol, zinc nanoparticles and an extract (0.2%) of the seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum (SW) to reduce disease severity and incidence of Cucumber mosaic virus were evaluated under greenhouse conditions. Disease severity and incidence were significantly reduced in eggplants treated with 2-nitromethyl phenol, zinc nanoparticles and seaweed extract. CMV symptoms were suppressed in treated plants compared with the non-treated control. Coat protein of CMV was not discovered in treated plants in comparison with control plants. CMV titre was significantly reduced in plants treated with 2-nitromethyl phenol, zinc nanoparticles and seaweed extract using ELISA. The amounts of total phenols and free phenols were significantly increased in treated plants after virus inoculation compared with control plants. All treatments exhibited significantly increased growth and yield parameters of eggplants relatively to control plants. This is the first report of the antiviral activity of seaweed extract against plant viruses.