Journal of Traumatic Stress Disorders & TreatmentISSN: 2324-8947

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Perspective, J Trauma Stress Disor Treat Vol: 9 Issue: 5

Effects of Toxic Work Atmosphere on Mental Health

Abdul Imran*

Manipal Academy of Higher education, Manipal, Udupi, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Abdul Imran
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Udupi, Karnataka, India

Received: October 30, 2020 Accepted: November 19, 2020 Published: November 26, 2020

Citation: Imran A (2020) Effects of Toxic Work Atmosphere on Mental Health. J Trauma Stress Disor Treat 9:212. doi: 10.37532/jtsdt.2020.9(5).212



Keywords: Psychological well-being; Toxic work; Depression; Mental Health


Psychological well-being; Toxic work; depression; Mental Health


Offensive behaviour in the offices is on high rise, and as per a recent study, it affects greatly to our mental health. Researchers found a correlation between the toxic atmosphere at work places and health concern such as insomnia which can lead to clinical depression.

What is Workplace Incivility?

Defined by McKinsey and Company, is “the accumulation of thoughtless actions that leave employees feeling disrespected-intentionally ignored, undermined by colleagues, or publicly belittled by an insensitive manager”.

In other words it has been defined as “low-intensity deviant behavior with ambiguous intent to harm the target, in violation of workplace norms for mutual respect”.

Why Quality of Sleep Matters?

Sleep is one of the major factors in an overall well-being of a person, involving one’s work performance. Researchers long back found that poor quality of sleep has significant implications on both physical and psychological well-being of a person.

For an instance, insufficient sleep increases a risk of developing serious medical issues which involves obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Moreover, lack of sleep for more time has been found associated with a reduced lifespan.

Effects of Negative Rumination

On exploring researchers found there is an indirect effect of workplace incivility on symptoms of insomnia and thus overall health, negative rumors are found to be the determining mechanism, or replay of a certain event in mind or disturbed interaction with colleague after the long workday has ended.

As mostly people spend most of their time, better part of days and energy at work, expanding aggression in the working environment doesn't look good for our enthusiastic or actual prosperity. Research in the course of recent years has related toxic workplaces with increased depression rate, substance use, and several health issues among employees.

Further research has shown that organizations are enduring too. The adverse effects include reduced productivity, diminishing levels of employee commitment and increased turnover.

Coping Techniques for reducing effects of Workplace Incivility

Adequate recuperation or coping techniques may be able to minimize the negative effects of a toxic work atmosphere on employee well-being specifically, relaxation and psychological detachment. The tendency to psychologically detach from work during non-working hours and relaxation were found to be the two mitigating factors which determined in what manner employees were affected by a negative work atmosphere.

Employees who had been able to detach psychologically were able to relax after work and sleep nicely despite facing workplace incivility. Below explained are Portrayals of recovery experiences and how they were found to reduce the negative effects and empower workers to flourish in the toxic of work atmosphere.

Psychological Detachment

Psychological Detachment speaks to an evasion of business related contemplations, activities or feelings. A portion of the things utilized in the examination to quantify representatives' degrees of mental separation in the nights including the accompanying: “I didn't consider work by any stretch of the imagination” and “I removed myself from my work”. Those who had the option to isolate themselves intellectually from this cycle don't endure as much rest disturbance as the individuals who are less equipped for detachment.

Separation can be encouraged through an assortment of explicit exercises, including exercise. Arranging future occasions, for example, excursions or end of the week trips with family or companions are instances of positive interruptions outside of work.


It should not shock anyone that organizing work-life balance was demonstrated to be another successful cradle against the impeding impacts of working environment incivility. Unwinding has for quite some time been related with less wellbeing protests and less weariness and requirement for recuperation.

As conjectured by the creators of the investigation, unwinding during non-work time filled in as a significant arbitrator of the connection between negative work rumination and sleeping disorder side effects. Moreover, it has been recognized as an arbitrator between work qualities and word related prosperity, between time requests and fatigue, and between work weakness and the requirement for recuperation from work. Relaxation gives an occasion to people to stop business related requests, which is basic for reestablishing people to their pre-stressor state.

A few exercises outside of the workplace that can encourage recuperation incorporate chipping in, reflection, going for a stroll, tuning in to music, and investing energy with companions and other positive social backings.

How Organizations can help deal with Workplace Incivility?

Based on the studies researcher suggest the following interventions that companies can address in order to reduce workplace incivility.

• Raising awareness

• By ensuring protection for employees

• Ensure accountability

• By training appropriate behavior to all employees

• By train supervisors or higher authorities on aggression-prevention behaviors

• Improve emotional resilience skills

• By providing training on recovery from work, mindfulness practices, emotional/social intelligence skills

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