Journal of Soil Science & Plant Health

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Commentary,  Vol: 7 Issue: 2

Enhancing Irrigation Efficiency: The Impact of Soil Properties on Water Retention

Palena Bethani*

1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, Texas, USA

*Corresponding Author: Palena Bethani,
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, Texas, USA

Received date: 22 March, 2023, Manuscript No. JSPH-23-100645;

Editor assigned date: 24 March, 2023, Pre QC No. JSPH-23-100645 (PQ);

Reviewed date: 15 April, 2023, QC. No. JSPH-23-100645;

Revised date: 22 April, 2023, Manuscript No. JSPH-23-100645 (R);

Published date: 28 April, 2023, DOI: 10.4172/jsph.1000186.

Citation: Bethani P (2023) Enhancing Irrigation Efficiency: The Impact of Soil Properties on Water Retention. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 7:2.


Soil-water-plant courting relates to the properties of soil and plant that have an effect on the movement, retention and use of water. Due to inadequate and/or choppy distribution of rainfall in the course of the cropping season, it turns into essential to apply additional water to the soil for plant use inside the shape of irrigation. Consequently, proper knowledge of the soil-water-plant relationship is a prerequisite for the sound design of any green irrigation system.

Soil is a residence of plant vitamins, a habitat for bacteria, plant and a reservoir that keep the water required for plant growth. It determines both the frequency of irrigation and the ability of irrigation gadget needed to ensure non-stop crop increase.

A soil matrix includes stable, liquid and gaseous phases. The stable phase is the soil matrix comprising mineral, organic depend and numerous chemicals. The liquid phase includes all the dissolved materials. Liquid phase also referred by means of the soil moisture or soil water. The gaseous portion of the soil consists of soil air and it occupies the area among the soils particles.

A plot of land growing a crop needs to be applied with water from time-time for its wholesome increase. The water might also come clearly from rainfall or can also complement by artificially making use of water through irrigation. A crop have to be irrigated earlier than it receives a setback in its development. Subsequently the c program language period between two irrigations relies upon ordinarily on the fee of soil moisture depletion. Normally, a crop has to be irrigated earlier than soil moisture is depleted under a positive component of its availability in the root area depending on the sort of plant. while the water supply is very constrained, then the interval can be extended which approach that the soil moisture is allowed to dissipate the moisture before the next irrigation is implemented.

In a totally dry soil, all the pore spaces (i.e., area between soil debris) are full of air, and in a very moist soil all of the pores are filled with water. But, in maximum of the sphere situations the pore areas are filled with both air and water. Sooner or later, soil water and air vary in composition, each in time and area.


The evaluating change to soil and water holding capacity is crucial for effective irrigation design and management. The ability of soil to retain and release water directly impacts plant growth, water efficiency, and overall agricultural productivity. By understanding the soil's characteristics and its capacity to hold and transmit water, farmers and irrigation professionals can make informed decisions regarding irrigation scheduling, water application rates, and drainage systems.

Assessing soil's water holding capacity involves measuring its physical properties such as texture, structure, porosity, and organic matter content. These factors influence the soil's ability to retain water, with sandy soils typically having lower water holding capacity compared to loamy or clayey soils. Additionally, the infiltration rate, which determines how quickly water penetrates the soil, is a critical parameter in irrigation management.

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