Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis ISSN: 2325-9590

Reach Us +1 850 754 6199

Review Article, J Vet Sci Med Diagn Vol: 6 Issue: 3

Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment of Canine Parvovirus Disease in Dogs: A Mini Review

Rahul Khatri1, Poonam1, Hari Mohan1, Minakshi2 and Pundir CS3*

1Centre for Medical Biotechnology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana- 124001, India

2Department of Animal Biotechnology, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar-125004, India

3Department of Biochemistry, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana- 124001, India

*Corresponding Author : Pundir CS
Emeritus Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana- 124001, India
Tel: +91 9416492413
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received: August 22, 2016 Accepted: July 24, 2017 Published: July 28, 2017

Citation: Khatri R, Poonam, Mohan H, Minakshi, Pundir CS (2017) Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment of Canine Parvovirus Disease in Dogs: A Mini Review Abstract. J Vet Sci Med Diagn 6:3. doi: 10.4172/2325-9590.1000233

Abstract

Canine Parvovirus (CPV 2), a member of genus Parvovirus, within family parvoviridae, superfamily parvovirinae, causes hemorrhagic gastroenteritis and myocarditis (parvo disease) in dogs. Since CPV 2 has been originated from Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), it has emerged into different genotypes, CPV 2a, CPV 2b and more recently CPV2c. The genome of CPV2 is 5323 bp long single stranded DNA. CPV2 is prevalent all over the world. Infected feces serve as source of parvo infection. This review describes in brief, the epidemiology, transmission, pathogenesis, diagnosis and vaccination and treatment of CPV2 disease with special emphasis on its diagnostic methods electron microscopy (EM), virus isolation (VI), Hemagglutination (HA), immunochromatography, immunofluorescence, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), real time PCR, loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and biosensors.

Keywords: Canine parvovirus; Feline panleukopenia virus; Parvo disease; Epidemiology; Diagnostic methods; Biosensor

Track Your Manuscript

Share This Page