Journal of Clinical Images and Case Reports

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Opinion Article, J Clin Image Case Rep Vol: 7 Issue: 2

High Complications during Pregnancy: Risks and Challenges for Mother and Baby

Sascha Erin*

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology,Hacettepe University, Ankara,Turkey

*Corresponding Author: Sascha Erin
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hacettepe University, Ankara,Turkey

Received date: 27 March, 2023, Manuscript No. CICR-23-98816;
Editor assigned date: 29 March, 2023, PreQC No. CICR-23-98816(PQ);
Reviewed date: 7 April, 2023, QCNo CICR-23-98816;
Revised date: 17 April, 2023, Manuscript No. CICR-23-98816(R);
Published date: 28 April, 2023, DOI: 10.4172/CICR.1000241.

Citation: Erin S (2023) High Complications during Pregnancy: Risks and Challenges for Mother and Baby. J Clin Image Case Rep 7:2.


Pregnancy is a remarkable and transformative time in a woman's life. However, it can also bring about numerous challenges and potential complications that can affect both the mother and the developing baby. This study aims to shed light on the high complications that can arise during the pregnancy period, exploring the risks and challenges faced by both the mother and the baby. By understanding these complications, healthcare professionals can provide optimal care and support, ultimately improving outcomes for mother and baby.

The pregnancy period is an essential phase characterized by remarkable physiological changes and potential complications that can impact both the mother and the developing baby. This study aims to provide an overview of high complications during pregnancy and the associated risks and challenges.

Maternal complications

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM): GDM, characterized by elevated blood sugar levels during pregnancy, can lead to adverse outcomes for both the mother and baby, including an increased risk of cesarean delivery, preeclampsia, and type 2 diabetes later in life.

Preeclampsia: Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder characterized by high blood pressure and organ damage, primarily affecting the kidneys and liver. It poses significant risks for both the mother and baby, including preterm birth, growth restriction, and maternal complications such as eclampsia.

Placenta previa: Placenta previa occurs when the placenta covers the cervix, increasing the risk of bleeding during pregnancy and delivery. This condition often necessitates a cesarean delivery to avoid severe maternal hemorrhage.

Preterm labor: Preterm labor refers to the onset of labor before 37 weeks of gestation. It can result in premature birth, which is associated with an increased risk of neonatal complications and long-term developmental challenges for the baby.

Fetal/Neonatal complications

Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR): IUGR refers to inadequate fetal growth, leading to a baby with a low birth weight. It can be caused by various factors, such as placental dysfunction or maternal health conditions, and increases the risk of perinatal mortality and long-term health issues.

Congenital anomalies: Congenital anomalies are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth. They can be caused by genetic factors, environmental influences, or a combination of both. These anomalies may result in significant morbidity and mortality in affected babies.

Preterm birth: Preterm birth can occur due to various reasons, including spontaneous preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, or indicated preterm delivery for maternal or fetal indications. Premature babies face a range of challenges, including respiratory distress syndrome, infections, and long-term neurodevelopmental issues.

Management and prevention

Early detection, appropriate management, and preventive strategies play an important role in minimizing the complications associated with pregnancy. Regular prenatal care, including comprehensive screenings and diagnostic tests, can aid in the early identification of high-risk pregnancies. Lifestyle modifications, such as maintaining a healthy diet and engaging in regular exercise, can reduce the risks of gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. Close monitoring of fetal growth and well-being, along with the use of medical interventions when necessary, can help manage complications and improve outcomes for both mother and baby.


High complications during pregnancy pose significant risks for both the mother and baby. Understanding these complications and implementing appropriate management and preventive strategies are essential for optimizing outcomes and ensuring the well-being of both mother and baby.

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