International Journal of Ophthalmic PathologyISSN: 2324-8599

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Research Article, Int J Ophthalmic Pathol Vol: 5 Issue: 1

Hypertensive Retinopathy during Pregnancy: Epidemiological and Clinical Aspects at Departmental University Center of Borgou

Assavedo CRA1*, Alamou S2, Yehouesi L2, Ayedoun KR1, Salifou K3, Tchabi Hounnou S2 and Doutetien Gbaguidi C2
1Unit for Teaching and Research in Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine University of Parakou, Benin
2Teaching and Research Unit of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Health Sciences of the University of Abomey Calavi, Benin
3Teaching and Research Unit in Gynecology Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine-University of Parakou, Benin
Corresponding author : Assavedo Codjo Rodrigue Abel
Unit for Teaching and Research in Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin
Tel: 0022997414142
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: October 12, 2015 Accepted: January 04, 2016 Published: January 11, 2016
Citation: Assavedo CRA, Alamou S, Yehouesi L, Ayedoun KR, Salifou K, et al. (2016) Hypertensive Retinopathy during Pregnancy: Epidemiological and Clinical Aspects at Departmental University Center of Borgou. Int J Ophthalmic Pathol 5:1. doi:10.4172/2324-8599.1000173

Abstract

Objective: To study the epidemiology and clinical aspects of the hypertensive retinopathy among pregnant women with hypertension in the CHUD-B. Material and methods: The study was multicenter and analytical. It concerned all pregnant women admitted to the CHDU-B from April 1st to July 31, 2012, four months. Results: Out of 1327 pregnant women, 158 (11.90%) have presented an arterial hypertension associated with pregnancy. Among these 158 pregnant women with hypertension, 112 have benefited from the ophthalmological examination, for a participation rate of 70.88%. 48 had retinopathy hypertensive either a prevalence of 42.86%. The average age of pregnant women was 28 ± 7.76 years. These women were in the majority illiterate (38%) with a predominance of craftswomen and housewives (66.97% ). The HTA was severe in 54.17% of cases and the hypertensive retinopathy was statistically linked to the severity and chronicity of the HTA. Conclusion: The hypertensive retinopathy during pregnancy is common and affects women around the thirties. It is often related to the severity and chronicity of the HTA.

Keywords: Hypertensive retinopathy; Gestante; Chronicity; Severity; Hypertensive complications

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