Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis ISSN: 2325-9590

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Research Article, J Vet Sci Med Diagn Vol: 5 Issue: 3

Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis in Chilga District, Northwest Ethiopia: Using Aldehyde and Parasitological Tests

Seyoum Z1* and Abera D2
1University of Gondar, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P. O. Box: 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
2Assossa Veterinary Regional Laboratory, Assossa, Ethiopia
Corresponding author : Zewdu Seyoum
University of Gondar, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P. O. Box: 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: March 05, 2016 Accepted: April 15, 2016 Published: April 23, 2016
Citation: Seyoum Z, Abera D (2016) Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis in Chilga District, Northwest Ethiopia: Using Aldehyde and Parasitological Tests. J Vet Sci Med Diagn 5:3. doi:10.4172/2325-9590.1000199

Abstract

Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis in Chilga District, Northwest Ethiopia: Using Aldehyde and Parasitological Tests

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chilga district, Northwest Ethiopia from October 2014 to April 2015 to determine the prevalence and to assess the associated factors of trypanosome infection in cattle. A total of 384 blood samples collected from randomly selected animals were processed using aldehyde test and parasitological examination. An overall prevalence of 6.25% and 5.47% of the trypanosome infection was recorded by aldehyde and parasitological examination, respectively. From infected animals, the prevalence of T. vivax was 90.48% and T. congolense 9.52%. The infection rate was not significantly (p>0.05) higher in females (5.9%) than males (5.1%) and in adults (5.8%) than young (4.6%) animals. It was significantly varied (p<0.05) among kebeles with 12.1%, 6.4% and 1.1% for Negadie-Bahir, Gint and Aykel, respectively. Similarly, the infection rate was also significantly (p<0.05) higher in poor body condition score animals (23.1%) than in animals with an average score (1.39%). But no infection recorded in good body condition scored animals. Aldehyde test and parasitological examination comparison showed comparable results at 92.7% test agreement.

Keywords: Aldehyde test; Bovine; Chilga; Prevalence; Thin smear; Trypanosome

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