Commentary, J Trauma Stress Disor Treat Vol: 12 Issue: 4
The Evolution of Cognitive Behaviour and Psycho Behavioural Skills among Adults
Department of Clinical Psychology, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY, United States
Received: 28-March-2023, Manuscript No. JTSDT-23-95104;
Editor assigned: 29-March-2023, PreQC No. JTSDT-23-95104(PQ);
Reviewed: 15-April-2023, QC No. JTSDT-23-95104;
Revised: 22-April-2023, Manuscript No. JTSDT-23-95104(R);
Published: 29-April-2023, DOI:10.4172/2324 -8947.1000354
Citation: Yung C (2023) The Evolution of Cognitive Behavior and Psycho Behavioral Skills among Adults. J Trauma Stress Disor Treat 12(4): 354
Copyright: © 2023 Yung C. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Cognitive therapy for psychosis has progressed from case studies, treatment manuals, and pilot randomised controlled trials to fully powered and methodologically rigorous efficacy and, later, effectiveness trials. The interventions’ benefits have been confirmed by reviews and meta-analyses. Following careful consideration by government and professional organizations, it is now included in international treatment guidelines for schizophrenia. Psychosis strikes people in their prime, causing significant disruptions in their distress, well-being, and functioning, as well as significant societal costs. Early intervention has the potential to reduce the high relapse rates that occur after recovery from the first episode, as well as the ensuing morbidity and premature mortality associated with psychosis.
Keywords: Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Psychotherapy, Cognitive Therapy.
The evolution of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills among adults has been a fascinating field of study in psychology and neuroscience. Over the years, researchers have made significant progress in understanding how cognitive behavior and psychobehavioral skills develop and change throughout adulthood . In this essay, we will explore the key theories and findings related to the evolution of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills among adults. Cognitive behavior refers to the mental processes and activities that involve thinking, perceiving, remembering, problem-solving, and decision-making. Psycho-behavioral skills, on the other hand, encompass a wide range of behaviors related to emotional regulation, social interaction, communication, empathy, and self-awareness. Both cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills are crucial for adaptive functioning and well-being in adulthood.
One of the most influential theories that explain the evolution of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills among adults is the cognitive development theory proposed by Jean Piaget. According to Piaget’s theory, cognitive development occurs in stages, and individuals progress through these stages in a sequential manner. Piaget identified four stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor (0-2 years), preoperational (2-7 years), concrete operational (7-11 years), and formal operational (11 years and beyond). In each stage, individuals acquire new cognitive abilities and skills that enable them to think and reason in more complex and abstract ways .
Research has shown that cognitive development continues beyond Piaget’s formal operational stage and continues to evolve throughout adulthood. In fact, some researchers propose that cognitive development in adulthood can be characterized by a process called post formal thought, which is characterized by a more flexible and nuanced way of thinking compared to earlier stages. Post formal thought involves the ability to tolerate ambiguity, deal with contradictions, and recognize the complexity of real-world problems. This advanced level of cognitive development is thought to contribute to improved problem-solving, decision-making, and critical thinking skills among adults.
In addition to cognitive development, psycho-behavioral skills also evolve throughout adulthood. One of the key areas of psycho-behavioral development is emotional regulation. Emotional regulation refers to the ability to recognize, understand, and manage one’s own emotions and the emotions of others. Research has shown that emotional regulation improves with age and experience, as adults learn to better understand their own emotions, express them appropriately, and regulate them in different social contexts. This improved emotional regulation is associated with better mental health outcomes, increased social competence, and improved relationships in adulthood. Social cognition is another important aspect of psychobehavioral development among adults. Social cognition refers to the mental processes involved in perceiving, interpreting, and responding to social information. It includes abilities such as perspective-taking, empathy, and theory of mind (the ability to understand and infer the mental states of others). Research has shown that social cognition continues to develop throughout adulthood, with improvements in perspective-taking, empathy, and theory of mind skills. These skills are crucial for successful social interaction, communication, and building and maintaining social relationships in adulthood .
Communication skills are also an essential part of psychobehavioral development among adults. Effective communication is crucial for expressing thoughts and emotions, understanding others, and navigating social situations. Research has shown that communication skills, including verbal and nonverbal communication, improve with age and experience. Adults tend to develop better language skills, improved listening skills, and increased awareness of nonverbal cues such as facial expressions, body language, and tone of voice. These improved communication skills contribute to better interpersonal relationships, increased social competence, and enhanced problem-solving abilities in adulthood. Self-awareness is another critical psycho-behavioral skill that evolves throughout adulthood. Self-awareness refers to the ability to reflect on one’s own thoughts, feelings, and actions. It involves having a clear understanding of one’s strengths, weaknesses, values, and beliefs. Research has shown that self-awareness tends to increase with age and experience, as adults gain a better understanding of themselves and their place in the world. Increased self-awareness is associated with improved self-regulation, self-reflection, and self-improvement, which are important for personal growth, decision-making, and overall well-being in adulthood .
Another aspect of the evolution of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills among adults is related to changes in brain structure and function. Neuroscientific research has shown that the brain continues to change throughout adulthood, a phenomenon known as neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s ability to adapt and change in response to experiences, environmental factors, and learning. It is now understood that cognitive and psychobehavioral development in adulthood is closely linked to changes in brain structure and function. For example, research has shown that certain areas of the brain, such as the prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for executive functions such as decision-making, planning, and problem-solving, continue to mature and develop throughout adulthood. This ongoing development of the prefrontal cortex is associated with improvements in cognitive abilities, such as working memory and cognitive flexibility, which are important for complex cognitive tasks in adulthood. Furthermore, research has also shown that emotional regulation and social cognition are closely linked to brain regions such as the amygdala, insula, and anterior cingulate cortex, which also show changes in structure and function throughout adulthood .
In addition to changes in brain structure and function, various life experiences and environmental factors can influence the evolution of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills among adults. For example, educational attainment, occupation, socioeconomic status, and cultural factors have been found to impact cognitive development and psycho-behavioral skills in adulthood. Adults who engage in intellectually stimulating activities, such as continued education, hobbies, and social interactions, tend to have better cognitive function and psycho-behavioral skills compared to those who do not engage in such activities. Furthermore, life experiences, such as parenthood, caregiving, and traumatic events, can also shape cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills among adults. It is also important to note that cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills are not static, but can also be influenced by various factors such as neurological conditions, mental health disorders, and age-related changes. For example, cognitive decline may occur in late adulthood due to factors such as neurodegenerative diseases, vascular changes, or other health conditions. Mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, or cognitive impairments, can also impact cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills among adults. It is crucial to consider these factors when studying the evolution of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills in adulthood.
In conclusion, the evolution of cognitive behavior and psychobehavioral skills among adults is a complex and dynamic process that continues throughout adulthood. Research has shown that cognitive development in adulthood goes beyond Piaget’s formal operational stage, and is characterized by postformal thought, which involves advanced levels of cognitive flexibility and nuance. Psycho-behavioral skills, such as emotional regulation, social cognition, communication skills, and self-awareness, also continue to develop and improve with age and experience. Changes in brain structure and function, life experiences, and various environmental factors can all influence cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills in adulthood. It is important to consider the dynamic and multidimensional nature of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills in adulthood in order to better understand and support healthy cognitive and psychobehavioral development among adults. Further research in this field will continue to shed light on the intricate process of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills in adulthood, and how it impacts various aspects of adult life, such as work, relationships, and overall well-being. One area of research that has gained significant attention in recent years is the concept of cognitive reserve. Cognitive reserve refers to the brain’s ability to maintain cognitive function despite age-related changes or brain damage. It suggests that individuals who engage in mentally stimulating activities, such as reading, learning, and problem-solving, throughout their lives are more likely to have higher cognitive reserve, which can protect against cognitive decline in late adulthood. This emphasizes the importance of engaging in intellectually stimulating activities throughout adulthood as a way to promote cognitive health and well-being.
Another important aspect of the evolution of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills among adults is the role of emotions. Emotion regulation, or the ability to manage and regulate one’s emotions in a healthy and adaptive way, plays a crucial role in adult development. Emotion regulation skills continue to develop and improve throughout adulthood, and are closely linked to cognitive functions, such as decision-making, problem-solving, and social cognition. Adults who are skilled in emotion regulation are better equipped to navigate the complexities of adult life, including relationships, work stress, and other challenges. Social cognition, which refers to the ability to understand and interpret social cues, such as emotions, intentions, and perspectives of others, also continues to evolve in adulthood. Adults become more proficient in understanding social dynamics, managing social relationships, and navigating social complexities as they gain more experience and exposure to different social situations. This includes skills such as empathy, perspectivetaking, and social perception, which are essential for successful social interactions and relationships.
Communication skills also play a significant role in the evolution of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills among adults. Effective communication involves not only the ability to express oneself clearly, but also the ability to listen actively, interpret nonverbal cues, and adapt communication style to different contexts and audiences. Communication skills continue to develop and improve throughout adulthood, as individuals gain more experience in various communication settings, such as work, family, and social interactions. Strong communication skills are essential for success in personal and professional relationships, and can greatly impact one’s overall well-being and quality of life.
Self-awareness, which was mentioned earlier, is another critical aspect of cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills that continues to evolve in adulthood. Self-awareness involves having a clear understanding of one’s own thoughts, emotions, behaviors, and their impact on others. It also includes understanding one’s strengths, weaknesses, values, and beliefs, and being able to reflect on oneself and engage in self-improvement. Increased self-awareness in adulthood is associated with better self-regulation, decision-making, and overall well-being. Moreover, cognitive behavior and psychobehavioral skills in adulthood are also influenced by cultural and societal factors. Culture shapes cognitive development and psychobehavioral skills through various means, such as language, social norms, values, and beliefs. Cultural differences can impact cognitive processes, such as problem-solving strategies, decision-making styles, and communication patterns. In addition, societal factors, such as social and economic systems, can impact cognitive behavior and psycho-behavioral skills by influencing opportunities for education, employment, and social interactions.
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