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International Journal of Ophthalmic PathologyISSN: 2324-8599

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Review Article, Int J Ophthalmic Pathol Vol: 5 Issue: 3

Vitreous Substitutes in Vitreoretinal Surgeries

Shalu Gupta*, Rajeev Tuli and Sharma RK
Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra at Tanda 176 001, Himachal Pradesh, India
Corresponding author : Dr. Shalu Gupta
MS (Resident), Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra at Tanda 176 001, Himachal Pradesh, India
Tel: +91 89882 26026
Fax: +91 1892 224906
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: August 22, 2016 Accepted: September 07, 2016 Published: September 13, 2016
Citation: Gupta S Tuli R, Sharma RK (2016) Vitreous Substitutes in Vitreoretinal Surgeries. Int J Ophthalmic Pathol 5:3. doi:10.4172/2324-8599.1000186

Abstract

The vitreous is an inert, transparent, colorless, hydrophilic gelatinous structure that fills the space between the lens and the retina. It maintains the intra ocular pressure and is important in maintaining transparency of the media for maximum photon transmission to the retina. With advancing age the vitreous undergoes liquefaction resulting in its transformation from a formed gel form to fluid form. Vitreous substitutes or the so called tamponading agents are used in vitreo-retinal surgery to restore intraocular pressure and provide intraocular tamponed. The type of substitute used is dependent on the individual clinical situation. The proper vitreous substitute for long-term drug delivery system should either reduce or eliminate the need for multiple intravitreal injections.

Keywords: Vitreous substitutes; Tamponade; Intravitreal; Retinal detachments; Vitreo-retinal surgery; Emulsification

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