Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis ISSN: 2325-9590

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Case Report, J Vet Sci Med Diagn Vol: 4 Issue: 4

Poisoning of Cattle Feeding on Allium ampeloprasum (Egyptian kurrat)

El-Sayed YS1*, El-Okle OSM1*, Hassan SMH3 and Bakir NMA4
1Department of Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, Egypt
1Department of Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Edfina 22576, Egypt
3Department of Clinical Pathology, Alexandria Regional Lab. Animal Health Research Institute, Alexandria, Egypt
4Department of Animal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, Egypt
Corresponding author : Yasser Said El-Sayed
Department of Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, Egypt
Tel: +20-100-108-5567
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received: August 07, 2015 Accepted: September 04, 2015 Published: September 08, 2015
Citation: El-Sayed YS, El-Okle OSM, Hassan SMH, Bakir NMA (2015) Poisoning of Cattle Feeding on Allium ampeloprasum (Egyptian kurrat). J Vet Sci Med Diagn 4:4. doi:10.4172/2325-9590.1000170

Abstract

Poisoning of Cattle Feeding on Allium ampeloprasum (Egyptian kurrat)

Ten days after ingesting a large quantity of Allium ampeloprasum (kurrat), 10 one-year-old calves and 2 eight-year-old cows in a group of cattle were referred for voiding dark-red urine, generalized jaundice, anemic or icteric mucous membranes, lack of appetite, and lethargy. Hematologically, Heinz bodies – hemolytic anemia, polychromasia, anisocytosis and leukocytosis were detected. Biochemically, higher serum transaminases activities and bilirubin, urea and uric acid levels were detected. As well as, an induced lipid peroxidation and a perturbed antioxidant system; decreased glutathione level, and glutathione reductase and catalase activities were significantly detected. The treatment regimen of the poisoned animals included the parenteral administration of fluids, phosphorous and vitamins, and recovery occurred within one week after initiating the treatment. This is the first report describing Allium ampeloprasum toxicity in cattle with special reference to oxidative status.

Keywords: Allium ampeloprasum; Cattle; Anemia; Antioxidants; Lipid peroxidation

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