Factors that influence the implementation of patients s

Journal of Nursing & Patient Care.ISSN: 2573-4571

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Factors that influence the implementation of patients safety culture by ward nurses in district general hospital

Ida Faridah and Setyowati

University Indonesia, Indonesia

: J Nurs Patient Care


The high incidence of patients’ mortality and morbidity in hospital due to lack of patients’ safety needs to be taken in account. These situations in turn can cause dissatisfaction of patients and families on hospital services and decreased public trust in health care institutions. Researches that will improve and maintain patient safety need to be done. This study aims to determine influencing factors of patient safety culture implementation by ward nurses in hospital. This research used descriptive correlation with cross sectional approach. 68 samples were obtained through systematic random sampling technique. Data obtained by distributing valid and reliable questionnaires. Univariate and bivariate data was analyzed using chi-square test. The results showed that 60.3% of nurses had good patient safety knowledge. A total of 57.4% of nurses had high motivation and stated that leader behaviors supported patient safety implementation (54.4%). On the other hand 51.5% of nurses said they had implemented patient safety culture. In the next analysis there was a significant relationship between nurse's knowledge, motivation of patient safety and the behavior leaders with its implementation of patient safety culture (P<0.05). This study recommended that it need intervention to improve the patient safety culture among health workers especially ward nurses in the hospital.


Ida Faridah is a doctoral student at the University of Indonesia. She has been working at Yatsi Health College since 2003 as a lecturer in nursing management. Her past experience was working as a nurse in a Qadr Hospital.


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