The relationship between the expectation gap of postpartum support and the maternal self-efficacy in primiparas
Jiadai Hu and Li Jiping
Sichuan University, China
: J Nurs Patient Care
Introduction & Aim: It has been proved that maternal self-efficacy was a significant predictor of parental behavior and evidence has shown that social support was also associated with maternal self-efficacy. However, few studies explore the relationship between the expectation gap of postpartum support and the maternal self-efficacy in primiparas. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the expectation gap of postpartum support and the maternal self-efficacy in primiparas. Method: This study was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey which assessed 99 primiparas from a maternity hospital. Chinese version of postpartum support questionnaire and Chinese version of maternal self-efficacy questionnaire were administered to evaluate participant maternal self-efficacy and postpartum social support, respectively. Findings: The mean score of primipara maternal self-efficacy was 75.69±11.16 and the mean score of the expectation gap of postpartum social support was 33.18±25.4. The postpartum social support expectation gap had a negative relationship with the maternal self-efficacy score (r=-0.347, P<0.001). Conclusion: The expectation gap of postpartum support of primipara was associated with the maternal self-efficacy. It is important to evaluate the social support of primipara and provide targeted social support which can improve the maternal self-efficacy of primiparas.
Jiadai Hu has her expertise in evaluation and passion in improving the health and well-being. She was a midwife during her undergraduate period in Southern Medical University (Guangzhou, China). She is pursuing her bachelor’s Degree in the Department of Nursing, Sichuan University. Her research orientation is nursing education.