Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis ISSN: 2325-9590

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Research Article, J Vet Sci Med Diagn Vol: 3 Issue: 1

Seroprevalence of Babesia caballi Infection in Horses in the North Khorasan Province of Iran

Vali Abedi1, Gholamreza Razmi2*, Hesam Seifi3 and Abolghasem Naghibi2
1Section of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
2Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
3Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Corresponding author : Gholamreza Razmi
Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, P.O. Box: 91775-1793, Iran
Tel: +98 511 8788944; Fax: +98 511 8763853
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: June 06, 2013 Accepted: February 07, 2014 Published: February 13, 2014
Citation: Abedi V, Razmi G, Seifi H, Naghibi A (2014) Seroprevalence of Babesia caballi Infection in Horses in the North Khorasan Province of Iran. J Vet Sci Med Diagn 3:1. doi:10.4172/2325-9590.1000130

Abstract

Seroprevalence of Babesia caballi Infection in Horses in the North Khorasan Province of Iran

Equine piroplasmosis is a hemoprotozoan tick-borne disease with worldwide distribution, caused by Babesia caballi and Theileria equi . The aim of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of B. caballi infection in horses from the North Khorasan Province of Iran. Association between seropositivity of piroplasm infection and host-related factors including age, gender and activity were also analyzed. Blood samples were collected from 194 apparently healthy horses from May 2011 to August 2012. Blood smears were prepared and stained by Giemsa method and the serum samples were tested by indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT). B. caballi was not detected in the blood smears but antibodies against B. caballi were found in 8 (4.12%) samples. No significant difference was obsereved between piroplasm infection with hostrelated factors in horses.

Keywords: Babesia caballi; Indirect immunofluorescent antibody test; Horse

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