Journal of Traumatic Stress Disorders & Treatment ISSN: 2324-8947

Research Article, J Trauma Stress Disor Treat Vol: 2 Issue: 4

Suicide Attempts and Trauma-Related Subjective Distress in People with Severe Mental Illnesses

Thomas O’Hare1*, Ce Shen 1 and Margaret Sherrer2
1Graduate School of Social Work, Boston College, USA
2Department of Psychology and Human Services, Lyndon State College, USA
Corresponding author : Thomas O’Hare, MSW, Ph.D
388 Dolloff Pond Rd., Sutton, VT 05867, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: July 01, 2013 Accepted: September 18, 2013 Published: September 25, 2013
Citation: O’Hare T, Shen C, Sherrer M (2013) Suicide Attempts and Trauma-Related Subjective Distress in People with Severe Mental Illnesses. J Trauma Stress Disor Treat 2:4. doi:10.4172/2324-8947.1000111

Abstract

Suicide Attempts and Trauma-Related Subjective Distress in People with Severe Mental Illnesses

We tested the relationship between subjective distress from common lifetime trauma and lifetime suicide attempts in people with severe mental illness (N = 371) including schizophrenia (109, 29.4%), schizoaffective (82, 22.1%), major depression (105, 28.3%), or bipolar I disorder (75, 20.2%). About half were women (51.2%), mean age was 47, and most were white (270, 72.8%), but included a significant proportion of minorities [African-American (41, 11.1%) and Hispanic (33, 8.9%)]. Measures included “lifetime suicide attempts” (dependent variable), trauma-related “subjective distress,”psychiatric symptoms and functioning (BASIS-24), lifetime self-injury, and gender.

Keywords: Subjective distress; Trauma; Suicide; Self-harm; Self-injury; Substance abuse; Severe mental illness; Major depression; Bipolar; Schizophrenia; Schizoaffective

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