Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis ISSN: 2325-9590

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Review Article, J Vet Sci Med Diagn Vol: 2 Issue: 4

Vaccines against Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale: A Review

Carlos D Gornatti Churria1*, Germán B Vigo2, Mariana A Machuca3, Victorio F Nievas2, Walter D Nievas2, Miguel V Píscopo1, Miguel A Herrero Loyola1 and Miguel A Petruccelli1
1Cátedra de Patología de Aves y Pilíferos y Laboratorio de Diagnóstico de Enfermedades de las Aves y los Pilíferos, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), La Plata, provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
2Cátedra de Microbiología y Laboratorio de Diagnóstico e Investigaciones Bacteriológicas, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), La Plata, provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
3Cátedra de Patología Especial y Laboratorio de Patología Especial Veterinaria, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), La Plata, provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Corresponding author : Carlos Daniel Gornatti Churria
Cátedra de Patología de Aves y Pilíferos y Laboratorio de Diagnóstico de Enfermedades de las Aves y los Pilíferos, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, calle 60 y 118 s/n, CC 296 B1900AVW, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: +54 221 483 4237; Fax: +54 221 425 7980
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: August 21, 2013 Accepted: November 04, 2013 Published: November 07, 2013
Citation: Gornatti Churria CD, Vigo GB, Machuca MA, Nievas VF, Nievas WD, et al. (2013) Vaccines against Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale: A Review. J Vet Sci Med Diagn 2:4. doi:10.4172/2325-9590.1000122

Abstract

Vaccines against Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale: A Review

Ornithobacterium rhinotrachealeis a Gram-negative, non-motile, highly pleomorphic, rod-shaped, non-sporulating bacterium of the rRNA superfamily V within the phylum Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides, which has become an emerging pathogen that causes high economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Ornithobacterium rhinotrachealeinfection, which is reported mostly in broiler chickens and turkeys, causes respiratory distress, decreased growth, and mortality. The best strategy for their control or prevention is probably vaccination, because most worldwide O. rhinotrachealeisolates have acquired resistance against the antibiotics regularly used in the poultry industry. The purpose of this work is to review the current status of bacterins, live vaccines and subunit recombinant vaccines reported and used for the control of O.rhinotrachealeinfection in commercial poultry under experimental and field conditions.

Keywords: Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale; Poultry; Vaccines

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