University of Rhode Island
David H. Van Thiel
Rush University Medical Center
University of Saskatchewan
National Institute of Standards and Technology
The Journal of Diagnostic Techniques and Biomedical Analysis
JDTBA is a unique "Hybrid Journal" enriched with the benefits of subscription and effectiveness of open access. It accepts novel research, review papers, case reports, clinical trials, commentaries, short communications, letter to editor and diagnostic opinions in its scope JDTBA encourages rigorous peer review under the supervision of an editor. Thus, ensuring the quality of all the published articles which reflect solid scholarship in their field, and the information contained is accurate and reliable.
Journal of Diagnostic Techniques and Biomedical Analysis primarily focuses on the topics:
Journal of Diagnostic Techniques and Biomedical Analysis will be focusing on Current Research in Diagnostic Techniques and Biomedical Imaging, Cancer Detection and Biopsy Research for its upcoming issue.
Articles submitted by authors are evaluated on Editorial Manager® System by a group of peer review experts in the field and it is ensured that the published articles are of high quality, reflect solid scholarship, and the information they contain is accurate and reliable. Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions and comments to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission, review, revision and publishing process.
A medical device is an instrument, apparatus, implant, in vitro reagent, or similar that is used to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease or other conditions. A medical device is an instrument, apparatus, implant, in vitro reagent, or similar or related article that is used to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease or other conditions, and does not achieve its purposes through chemical action within or on the body. Diagnosis and therapy depend heavily on the use of medical instrumentation. The invention, prototype design, product development, clinical testing, regulatory approval, manufacturing, marketing, and sale of a new medical instrument add up a complex, expensive, and lengthy process.
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Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms-such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic micro-organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Hosts can fight infections using their immune system. Mammalian hosts react to infections with an innate response, often involving inflammation, followed by an adaptive response. While the most common infectious diseases are viruses that cause mild short-term effects, other infectious diseases have the potential to cause longer term or more serious effects.
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Journal of the American Society of Electrocardiography,Journal of Theoretical Medicine, Journal of Thoracic Imaging,Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Radiology is the specialty of medicine that deals with the study and application of imaging technology to diagnose and treat diseases. Radiology uses imaging technologies, such as X-ray radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography (PET) to see within the human body in order to diagnose disease and abnormalities. Radiology is a key part of clinical practice across a wide range of medical disciplines. Diagnostic radiology helps health care professionals see structures inside your body. Radiological procedures are medically prescribed and should only be conducted by appropriately trained and certified physicians under medically necessary circumstances. Radiologist physicians have four to six years of unique, specific, post–medical school training that includes radiation safety and ensure the optimal performance of radiological procedures and interpretation of medical images.
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Medical Imaging and Radiology,Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy,Journal of Diagnostic Radiography & Imaging
An ultrasound scan, also referred to as a sonogram, diagnostic sonography, and Ultrasonography, is a device that uses high frequency sound waves to create an image of some part of the inside of the body, such as the stomach, liver, heart, tendons, muscles, joints and blood vessels. Although this limit varies from person to person, it is approximately 20 kilohertz (20,000 hertz) in healthy, young adults. Ultrasound devices operate with frequencies from 20 kHz up to several gigahertz. An instrument called a transducer emits high-frequency sound, inaudible to human ears, and then records the echoes as the sound waves bounce back to determine the size, shape, and consistency of soft tissues and organs. This information is relayed in real time to produce images on a computer screen. Ultrasound technicians, or sonographers, have special training in how to perform the test. Then a radiologist or your doctor will interpret the ultrasound images. This technology can help diagnose and treat certain conditions.
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An autopsy is the examination of the body of a dead person. An autopsy is an examination of a dead body to determine cause of death, the effects or indications of disease or, in some cases, to identity the dead person. An autopsy is sometimes called a 'post-mortem'. It is a detailed medical examination of a person's body after death. An autopsy can help explain why and how the death occurred. It is usually performed by a specialized medical doctor called a pathologist. Autopsies are performed for either legal or medical purposes. The principal aim of an autopsy is to determine the cause of death, the state of health of the person before he or she died, and whether any medical diagnosis and treatment before death was appropriate. There are two parts to the physical examination of the body: the external and internal examination. Toxicology, biochemical tests and/or genetic testing often supplement these and frequently assist the pathologist in assigning the cause or causes of death.
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It is the procedure or method used for recognize the disease or disorder function or disability. The procedure or method used includes the laboratory tests and the imaging techniques like the Radiology, Ultra sound etc. The laboratory tests include the test relating to diagnosis of infectious agents. In the diagnostic techniques that we use, two different classes can be distinguished: passive techniques (spectroscopy) and active ones. In the former case, the radiation from the plasma is studied. This is a very old technique, and technically relatively simple. Interpretation of the results, however, can be complicated. In the latter case, some interaction with the plasma takes place, for example, a laser beam is pointed at the plasma. This can offer much more direct information about the plasma, but is more demanding on the experimental setup
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Disease diagnosis is the laboratory report of the patient not the physical examination. The medical consultant looks for the symptoms and signs of the patients and recommends the tests accordingly. Health-care professionals use symptoms and signs as clues that can help determine the most likely diagnosis when illness is present. Symptoms and signs are also used to compose a listing of the possible diagnoses. This listing is referred to as the differential diagnosis. The differential diagnosis is the basis from which initial tests are ordered to narrow the possible diagnostic options and choose initial treatments.
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It is the physical and psychological examination of the body as prescribed by the health care consultants. The diagnostic tests are generally of two kinds: One is the laboratory tests and the other is the imaging. The laboratory test contains the some part of the body and being tested in the laboratory like blood and tissue etc. The imaging generally used for the suitability of various internal body organs like bones, internal muscles, digestive systems etc. The various techniques used for the testing and imaging like Nuclear resonance imaging, Radiography, Nuclear scan, Radionuclide scan etc.
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Biomedical science: The application of the principles and natural sciences to medicine. It deals with the bioscience and life science I.e. any branch of the natural science which deals with the structure and behaviour of the living organism. The Biomedical scientists involves in a range of laboratory and scientific tests to support the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
clinical sciences: It is the combination of medicine, biology, chemistry, and experimental science. It's usually involves laboratory work, such as testing, evaluating, detecting and analysing cells, blood or bodily fluids. In general, clinical science is a field that evaluates and investigates medical treatments, principles and methods, using classically designed studies under controlled conditions.
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Diagnostic microbiology is a specialty in the sciences which focuses on applying microbiology to medical diagnosis. Like other microbiologists, diagnostic microbiologists tend to work in a lab environment which allows them access to a variety of equipment which they can use to identify and study the organisms they encounter. People in this field can work in labs which handle diagnostic testing for hospitals and clinics, and they can also work in research and development, helping to develop new diagnostic techniques and treatments for microbial infection.
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Journal of Applied Microbiology, Journal of Bacteriology, Canadian Journal of Microbiology, Journal of Microbiology
A biopsy is the removal of a sample of tissue or cells so that they can be examined by a pathologist, usually under a microscope. There are several types of biopsies. Some biopsies involve removing a small amount of tissue with a needle while others involve surgically removing an entire lump or suspected tumor. Biopsies may also be performed using imaging guidance such as ultrasound, x-ray, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Biopsies are most commonly performed for insight into possible cancerous and inflammatory conditions. After the biopsy is performed, the sample of tissue that was removed from the patient is sent to the pathology laboratory. A pathologist is a physician who specializes in diagnosing diseases (such as cancer) by examining tissue under a microscope. The types of biopsies include: Fine needle aspiration biopsy, Core needle biopsy, Vacuum-assisted biopsy, Image-guided biopsy, Surgical biopsy, Bone marrow biopsy etc.
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Chromatography is the collective term for a set of laboratory techniques for the separation of mixtures. Chromatography has many uses. It is commonly used in laboratories to isolate new compounds, analyze subtle differences between different environmental samples, and even in the sequencing of DNA. In any chemical or bioprocessing industry, the need to separate and purify a product from a complex mixture is a necessary and important step in the production line. Today, there exists a wide market of methods in which industries can accomplish these goals. Chromatographic analysis of plasma is an extremely useful diagnostic tool. In this section, we present an example of how chromatography was used to analyze disease profiles.
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Computerized Tomography is a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross-sectional scans along a single axis. Computerized tomography is more commonly known by its abbreviated names, CT scan or CAT scan. A CT scan is used to define normal and abnormal structures in the body and/or assist in procedures by helping to accurately guide the placement of instruments or treatments. The technique is painless and can provide extremely accurate images of body structures in addition to guiding the radiologist in performing certain procedures, such as biopsies of suspected cancers, removal of internal body fluids for various tests, and the draining of abscesses which are deep in the body. CT is regarded as a moderate- to high-radiation diagnostic technique. The improved resolution of CT has permitted the development of new investigations, which may have advantages; compared to conventional radiography, for example, CT angiography avoids the invasive insertion of a catheter. Today most CT systems are capable of "spiral" (also called "helical") scanning as well as scanning in the formerly more conventional "axial" mode. In addition, many CT systems are capable of imaging multiple slices simultaneously.
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The human papillomavirus (HPV) test detects the presence of human papillomavirus, a virus that can lead to the development of genital warts, abnormal cervical cells or cervical cancer. These tests are recommended for screening only in women aged 30 years and older. They are not recommended to screen men, adolescents, or women under the age of 30 years. HPV tests will be carried out on samples from women whose screening result shows mild abnormalities called borderline or mild dyskaryosis. Women who test positive for high risk types of HPV are referred for a colposcopy straight away. In women who test negative for HPV, the cell changes are likely to go back to normal on their own so they do not need treatment. A positive HPV test means that a woman has HPV on her cervix. This does not mean that she has or will get cervical cancer. But it could mean that you have a higher chance of developing cell changes, which could lead to cervical cancer over time.
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Biomedical Informatics is the science underlying the acquisition, maintenance, retrieval, and application of biomedical knowledge and information to improve patient care, medical education, and health sciences research. Biomedical informatics is the interdisciplinary, scientific field that studies and pursues the effective uses of biomedical data, information, and knowledge for scientific inquiry, problem solving and decision making, motivated by efforts to improve human health.
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Endoscopy is visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope. Endoscopy is a medical procedure that uses an instrument called an endoscope. The endoscope is put into the body to look inside, and is sometimes used for certain kinds of surgery. It is a nonsurgical procedure used to examine a person's digestive tract. Using an endoscope, a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, your doctor can view pictures of your digestive tract on a color TV monitor. Endoscopes can be passed into the large intestine (colon) through the rectum to examine this area of the intestine. This procedure is called sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy depending on how far up the colon is examined.
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Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention. Medical imaging seeks to reveal internal structures hidden by the skin and bones, as well as to diagnose and treat disease. X-ray based methods of medical imaging include conventional X-ray, computed tomography (CT) and mammography. To enhance the X-ray image, contrast agents can be used for example for angiography examinations. Molecular imaging is used in nuclear medicine and uses a variety of methods to visualize biological processes taking place in the cells of organisms. Small amounts of radioactive markers, called radiopharmaceuticals, are used for molecular imaging. Other types of medical imaging are magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound imaging. Unlike conventional X-ray, CT and Molecular Imaging, MRI and ultrasound operate without ionizing radiation. MRI uses strong magnetic fields, which produce no known irreversible biological effects in humans.
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Radiology is a branch of medical science in which various forms of radiant energy are used to diagnose and treat disorders and diseases. For nearly 80 years, radiology was based primarily on the use of X rays. Since the 1970s, however, several new imaging techniques have been developed. Some, like computed tomography, makes use of X rays along with other technology, such as computer technology. Others, like ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, use forms of radiant energy other than X rays. Radiological techniques can also be used for therapeutic purposes, methods used to treat diseases and disorders. The use of radiology for therapy depends on the fact that X rays kill living cells. Under normal circumstances, this fact provides a good reason for people to avoid coming into contact with X rays. The destruction of healthy cells by X rays is, in fact, one of the ways in which cancers may develop.
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It is the removal for diagnostic study of a piece of tissue from a living body.A biopsy is a procedure to remove a piece of tissue or a sample of cells from your body so that it can be analysed in a laboratory. If you're experiencing certain signs and symptoms or if your doctor has identified an area of concern, you may undergo a biopsy to determine whether you have cancer or some other condition.
Journal related to Biopsy research
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Chemical imaging or vibrational hyperspectral imaging is a form of imaging in which chemical information from spectroscopy is combined with spatial information. Hyperspectral images can be collected with a single-point detector, however array detectors measure all pixels simultaneously, reduce recording time, provide uniform background, and improve the signal-to-noise ratio. This article defines chemical imaging and describes image formation and instrumentation in chemical imaging.
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