The Journal of Women’s Health, Issues & Care (JWHIC) promotes rigorous research that makes a significant contribution in advancing knowledge for women health issues. JWHIC includes all major themes pertaining to women’s health.
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Case-control Study of Breast Cancer and Dietary Fat Intake in Saudi Females
Breast cancer is the most common cancer worldwide and is the leading type of cancer among women. The breast cancer burden predictably will continue to increase in the coming years; there could be a nearly 50% increase in global incidence and mortality between the years 2002 and 2020 because of demographic changes alone. The etiology of breast cancer is multifactorial; however, the exact cause of breast cancer is still unclear because the disease presumably represents a complex interplay of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, such as dietary fat intake, hazardous effects of hormonal exposures, and long-term use of hormone replacement therapy.
Pharmacogenetics of Apolipoprotein E on Donepezil and Fluoxetine Pharmacotherapy for Chemotherapeutic Induced Neurocognitive Decline
Chemotherapeutic drugs are designed to target and kill cancer cells, but significant evidence indicates they also attack other cells including neurons, which in some cases leads to long-term neurocognitive deficits. The aim of this review is to examine the potential use of pharmacotherapy (Donepezil, Fluoxetine) as a preventive treatment to assist and manage the long-term cognitive effects of chemotherapeutic agents. Response to any type of medication is mixed; some individuals respond well to pharmacotherapies whereas others seem less responsive.
regnancy related stroke is a feared complication contributing to more than 12% of all maternal deaths. The incidence is estimated at 34 per 100,000 deliveries, 8-15% of pregnancy related stroke victims die and survivors may suffer profound permanent disability. Risk factors that have been reported for pregnancy-related stroke include advanced maternal age, hypertension, heart disease, migraine headaches, alcohol and substance abuse, Caesarean delivery, electrolyte disorders, thrombophilia, multiple gestation, greater parity and postpartum infection. However, most cases of stroke are related to hypertensive disorders, specifically pre-eclampsia and HELLP syndrome.
Ultrasound-guided Puncture of Complicated Ovarian Cysts: An Alternative to Surgery in Sub- Saharan Africa
Ovarian cysts are tumors developed at the expense of the ovary and whose content is often fluid. They are divided into two groups: functional cysts, the most common and that regress spontaneously, and organic cysts that usually require surgical treatment. According to Coquel and Ardaens, there is no parallelism between the symptoms and the severity of the disease: functional cysts can occur in an algesic context and lead to emergency surgery; conversely cancers of the ovary, despite their aggressive nature, usually remain silent until an advanced stage. Medical imaging plays a key role in the management of cystic ovarian disease.
Glomus Tumor in Vulva with Uncertain Malignant Potential
Glomus tumors of female genital tract are rare. Herein we report a case of glomus tumor in the vulva in a 39 years female presenting with a 4 cm painful vulvar growth. The mass was totally excised. The histopathological diagnosis was supported with immunohistochemistry and considering the size of the tumor more than 2 cm, the final diagnosis of glomus tumor with uncertain malignant potential was made. After the excision, the patient had no recurrence, on follow up. To the best of our knowledge only very few cases of glomus tumor with uncertain malignant potential have been described in vulva till date.