A Novel Parallel Modelling-Wavelet Based Mechanical Fault Detection Using Stator Current Signature of Induction Machine under Variable Load Conditions
Induction Machine (IM) fault detection techniques such as Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) which is a popular steady-state analysis method is recognized to be highly dependent on the IM loading and speed conditions. Nonetheless, implementing an FFT or even Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT) will result in low resolution frequency characteristics especially under a variable speed and loading conditions. Consequently, fault detection and classification under variable loading and speed conditions is quite inconvenient. Since, mechanical faults are one of the major breakdowns, which occur in IMs, it needs to be addressed to prevent breakage and
fault extension. This paper investigates and detects faults under variable loading and speed conditions by studying the Motor Current Signature Analysis (MCSA) using a novel developed parallel technique based on the discrete wavelet transform (DWT).The proposed model input would be MCSA with the similar drive, loading condition and constraints for both healthy and faulty electric motors and the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) is used as a detection technique. The proposed technique uses the DWT to the IM’s stator current to extract the desired features including Min, Max, Standard deviation, and Energy of the signal as a specific vector for each electric motor. In addition, different mechanical faults including Rotor broken bar(s), eccentricity and bearing have been detected using the proposed technique. Then, the accuracy of proposed parallel model using DWT is verified using experimental set-up of the parallel machines under variable loading and speed conditions for different mechanical faults. Finally the results of the proposed technique for all mechanical faults is tabulated and presented.