A Review on the Primitive Strains of Coronavirus: Mers-Cov, Sars- Cov_1, their Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Biochemistry
Coronavirus is a vast terminology used for various viruses. Some viruses of this group are very dangerous and are vigorous and active against their host’s immunity. Their effectiveness against the immunity is based on some special proteins which are not involved in the formation of structural components of virus. The present pandemic of coronavirus can be considered as the remnant of past global epidemics like SARS and MERS. These two strains were named SARS-COV-1 and MERS-COV and developed in 2002 and 2012 respectively. They were more deadly for humans as compared to CoVID-19. The transmission of both viruses is done by respiratory tract. The viruses of this family can infect animals, evolve and re-infect the next host (human) as a new strain. These viruses can be isolated from the host from nasal and throat swab and can be formulated from a method called bio-chipping. Self-hygiene is the foremost measure to avoid its infection.