Cancer Epidemiology: An Analysis of Preventable Modifiable Risk Factors
In the United States, over 40% of men and women will receive a cancer diagnosis at some point in their lives. Recent decades have seen a significant gain in our understanding of how cancer develops and progresses, which has improved screening and treatment options and increased the number of survivors who live longer after diagnosis. The published literature has extensively examined the epidemiologic evidence of lifestyle-related factors and cancer risk and survival, with suggestions for cancer prevention and control and tactics for implementation evolving throughout time. The burden of cancer, general measurement problems in cancer epidemiology and the status of the science in relation to certain lifestyle-related risk factors and cancer are all summarized in this study. According to estimates, adopting a better lifestyle could prevent between one-third and 50% of cancer cases.