Comparative Study of Effect of Two Methods of Family-Centered and Child-Centered Education on Preoperative Anxiety in 6-12-Year- Old Children in Bushehr City
Introduction: Surgery is a common medical practice carried out in many hospitals and one of the most stressful events that
may occur during each person's life. Anxiety is commonly seen in children undergoing surgery. Considering the importance of
the subject matter, the aim of present research was to compare the effect of two methods of family-centered and child-centered
education on preoperative anxiety in children aged 6-12 years.
Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study conducted on 70 school-age children undergoing surgery (6-12 years) in Bushehr hospitals. The subjects were selected using quota and simple random sampling methods. The pre and postintervention data were collected using 20- item Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, the validity and reliability of which were previously confirmed. The familycentered and child-centered education methods were implemented in the first and second groups, respectively. Data analysis was later carried out using descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, frequency) and inferential statistics tests (chi square test, paired t-test and independent t-test) in SPSS vs. 22.
Findings: There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of demographic variables. There was not statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of pre-intervention mean anxiety scores (P=0.758); however, the post-intervention anxiety score in the childcentered intervention group was significantly lower than that of the family-centered group (P=0.033).The findings also showed both the above groups reduced the anxiety score in the postintervention phase (P<0.001, P<0.001).
Conclusion: The results showed that family-centered and child-centered education methods reduced preoperative anxiety. The child-centered group led to higher reduction in the preoperative anxiety rate than the family-centered group and these interventions should be performed to prepare patients and reduce preoperative anxiety in the treatment centers.