Journal of Virology & Antiviral ResearchISSN: 2324-8955

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Coronaviruses: A Mini Review on the Emerging Pathogens

Coronaviruses having a single large and enveloped positive-stranded “+RNA” belongs to order Nidovirales, family Coronaviridae and include about 30 species. In order to cause a number of important socioeconomic diseases that result from the cold or flu to more chronic diseases such as MERS, SARS and SARS 2 or COVID-19, coronaviruses have both medical and veterinary significance. As a result, in the past few years, interest in this viral family has intensified. The reservoir host for these coronaviruses was bat, while the intermediate host was SARS COV civet cats, MERS COV dromedary camel, and SARS COV 2 bat or pangolin. Coronaviruses causing human respiratory diseases were first identified in the 1960s, but were not considered to be highly pathogenic to humans until China's SARS outbreak in 2003. As a result of the recent COVID-19 outbreak (which is a new strain caused by SARS COV-2 that was discovered in late December 2019 in the city of Wuhan, China.), coronavirus research is necessary to control its future host adaptation, viral evolution and load, transmissibility, pathogenicity, vaccine strategy development, and animal and human virus antiviral therapies. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent coronavirus infections, but there is still no confirmed cure or vaccine for the coronavirus. Therefore, only through proper preventive measures to protect the population can coronaviruses be contained. We will analyze the knowledge in this review to understand the biology of coronaviruses

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