Correlation between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Giggle Incontinence
Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with decreased focus and urinary incontinence disorder are two common disorders in childhood. Some clinical studies focus on the relationship between hyperactivity disorder and urinary incontinence disorder. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between giggle incontinence and hyperactivity disorder. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 200 children referring to the pediatric clinic of Amir Kabir Hospital in Arak, Iran in two groups of 100 patients with and without giggle incontinence, and frequency of ADHD was compared. ADHD diagnosis was performed on the basis of DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria and the Conner's Parent Rating Scale-48 (CPRS-48) questionnaire by a psychiatrist. Results: The mean age of children in the case and control groups was 2.26 ± 7.97 and 7.87 ± 1.87 years (p-value=0.430), and the ratio of male to female was 53 to 47 and 43 to 57 (pvalue= 0.157). It was also observed that the frequency of ADHD in the case and control groups was 23% and 11%, respectively (p-value=0.024). Conclusion: According to the results of the recent study, it is concluded that there is a significant relationship between the incidence of ADHD and giggle incontinence disorder.