Demographic Study of Intussusception in Patients Referring to Amir Al-Mo’menin Hospital of Zabol City from 2003 to 2013
Intussusception is the entrance of some part of the intestine into its neighboring lumen and creating a state of obstruction in the intestine which is the most common abdominal emergency and the second common cause of intestinal obstruction in children under two years of age. The aim of this study was demographic study of intussusception in patients referring to Amir Al-Mo’menin Hospital in the city of Zabol from 2003 to 2013.
Methods:This cross-sectional study used descriptive method to investigate demographic prevalence of intestinal intussusception from 2003 to 2013 in Amir Al-Mo’menin Hospital of Zabol City. The study was conducted by investigating the files of patients affected by intussusception in Al-Mo’menin Hospital of Zabol City between 2003-2013 during which 40 patients were examined based on manual calculations regarding variables of age, gender, comorbidities, main complaint of the patients, visiting season, etc
Results: Results showed that the mean age of patients was 23.61 ± 28.71 months and the most age groups were under one year of age (42.5%). 25 patients were male (62.5%) and 15 patients were female (37.2%). 70% of patients mentioned no comorbidities. The main complaint of about 50% of patients was abdominal pain and the least complaints were other symptoms (5%). Most patients referred in summer (40%) and the least visits were made in winter (10%). 80% of patients had no viral disease. About 90% of patients had no jelly-like stool. 26 patients (65%) had medical treatment and 14 patients (35%) had surgery treatment. The highest prevalence of intussusception in patients regarding the lesion was ileocolic while the lowest prevalence was ileoileal (10%).
Conclusion: Results showed that the incidence of intussusception is consistent with most studies in terms of gender, age, main complaint,and therapies. It is then necessary to pay more attention to the prevention of risk factors of intussusception in children aged less than one year in male patients and make continued efforts to further educate various groups such that we can keep abreast of scientific, empirical advances in other parts of the world in the near future.