Dynamic Analysis of a Predator and Prey Model with some Computational Simulations
Mathematical modelling and numerical simulations of interaction populations are crucial topics in systems biology. The interactions of ecological models may occur among individuals of the same species or individuals of different species. Describing the dynamics of such models occasionally requires some techniques of model analysis. Choosing appropriate techniques of model analysis is often a difficult task. We define a prey (mouse) and predator (cat) model. The system is modeled by a pair of non-linear ordinary differential equations using mass action law, under constant rates. A proper scaling is suggested to minimize the number of parameters. More interestingly, we propose a homotopy technique with n expanding parameters for finding some analytical approximate solutions. Numerical simulations are provided using Matlab for different parameters and initial conditions.