Early (<6 months) Mortality after Adult to Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation,Single Centre Experience: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Objectives: Both complications and mortality of recipients are annoying problems after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). The aim to analyze early (<6 months) mortality of patients after adult to adult LDLT (A-ALDLT) in a single center.
Methods: Between April 2003 and February 2013, we performed 167 A-ALDLT in National Liver Institute, Egypt. We retrospectively analyzed early mortality in recipients.
Results: The overall incidence of early mortality was 34.1% (n=57), it was classified into in hospital (28.7%) and post-hospital discharge (5.4%) mortalities. The most frequent causes of in hospital and post hospital discharge mortalities were SFSS (10/48) and sepsis (5/9) respectively. On univariate analysis, the following factors were significant predictors of early mortality (Female gender, Lt Lobe graft, GRWR<0.8, mean blood transfusion 10.8 ± 9.8 units,(vascular, renal, chest, neurological, bacterial infection and small for
size syndrome (SFSS)) complications. While on multivariate analysis by Cox regression, mean blood transfusion 10.8 ± 9.8 units, vascular and neurological complications were independent predictors.
Conclusion: Reduction of blood transfusion units, prevention and management of vascular and neurological complications is required for better early outcome after A-A LDLT.