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Genome Sequences and Surveillance For SARS-Cov-2viruses From India

Journal of Applied Bioinformatics & Computational Biology.ISSN: 2329-9533

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Genome Sequences and Surveillance For SARS-Cov-2viruses From India

The Coronaviridae family encompasses viruses with a fiber, positive-sense polymer ordination of size about 26-32 kilobyte. Initially, the virus was related to human and animal infections that caused internal organ also as metastasis infections [1-2]. In 2002, the severe acute metastasis syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV) natural event that claimed the lives of the many folks in China raised the alarm towards these viruses [2] additional, once a decade, another human morbific virus emerged, geographical area metastasis syndrome CoV (MERS-CoV) that affected the center jap countries2. Current information identifies six virus teams that may infect humans [3] within the Coronaviridae family, which incorporates SARS-CoV (now termed as SARS-CoV-1) and MERS-CoV. Recently in December 2019, China rumored cases with respiratory illness of unknown aetiology within the Hubei province, Wuhan city. additional analysis of those cases was disbursed to spot the motivative agent of pneumonia. Virus isolation and genomic characterization of the entire sequence of the virus through next-generation sequencing (NGS), known it as a completely unique CoV, named 2019-nCoV[3]. The virus characterization discovered that it's AN enclosed polymer virus with a ordination size of 29,903 bp. The biological process analysis of the sequence showed that it belonged to the Sarbecovirus taxon of genus Betacoronavirus and also the family Coronaviridae. The sequence was closely connected (~87.5% sequence similarity) to 2 bat-derived SARS-like CoV strains (bat-SL-CoVZC45 and bat-SL-CoVZXC21) that area unit well-known to infect humans, together with the virus that light-emitting diode to the 2003 SARS-CoV-1 outbreak. The 2019-nCoV is currently named as SARS-CoV-2. Further, supported SimPlot analyses, it had been incontestable that SARS-CoV-2 was additional closely associated with the BatCoV RaTG13 sequence (~96.3% similarity) throughout the ordination. The bat-SL-CoVZC45 and bat-SL-CoVZXC21 strains clustered otherwise from the cluster shaped by SARS-CoV-2 and BatCoV RaTG13 within the region spanning the 3′-end of open reading frame (ORF)1a, the ORF1b and nearly half the spike region.

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